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HISTORY OF JAZZ:
Salsa: A combination of jazz and Afro-Cuban rhythms.
Scale: A precise progression of single tones upward or downward in steps.
Schoenberg's 12 tone system: A technique of composition in which all 12 half steps in an octave are treated as equal. A method used by Schoenberg's in the form "tone row," in which all the 12 tones are placed in a particular order forming the basis of a musical composition. No tone Is repeated in a row. The tone row becomes a "tonal reservoir" from which the composition is drawn.
Sharped tone: Raises the pitch higher by microtones not to exceed one half step.
Sideman: A player in the musical ensemble as differentiated by the leader.
Speakeasy: Nightclub in the I 920's. Spiritual: A name given to a type of religious folk song of the American Negro, usually of a solo and refrain design.
Scat singing: Jazz improvisation using the human voice as an instrument using vowels and consonants instead of words.
Standard tunes: Familiar, well established popular or jazz tunes.
Stock arrangement: A published commercial arrangement usually simplified and standardized.
Storyville: Red light district in New Orleans which figured in the origin of jazz.
Swing: The noun indicating the feeling projected by a mood created by a sympathetic cohesion of all the performers in an ensemble, so that rhythmically they sound as one. Usually obtained by the combination of double and triple meter, indigenous to the music of Africa, with emphasis on the upbeat instead of the downbeat.
Syncopation: Stress on a portion of the measure least expected to receive the stress. (The upbeat)
Synthesizer: Anyone of a general category of electronic devices. (Moog and Aarp, for example.) which produces sounds or alters the sounds created by other instruments.
Symmetrical: Exhibiting the balance of the parts.
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