Jazz

Jazz Dictonary

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Jazz

HISTORY OF JAZZ:
Pre-Jazz
Ragtime
Dixieland
Tin Pan Alley
Boogie-Woogie
Swing
Dance Bands
BeBop
Cool
Hard Bop
West Coast
Free Jazz
Bossa Nova
Rock Fusion
Neobop
Soul Jazz
Latin Jazz
World Fusion
Pop Jazz
Modern Creative
Contemporary Jazz
Retro-Swing

JAZZ SLANG:
Jazz Slang

JAZZ DICTONARY:
Jazz Dictonary

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-P-

Pedal Point: Low pitched repeated and/or sustained tone. It usually retains its pitch despite changes in chords and improvisations occurring around it. Common in the 1950's work of Miles Davis and the I 960's work of John Coltrane and McCoy Tyner.

Pentatonic scale: Scale consisting of five tones, none of which are half steps.

Pitch Bending: Purposeful raising or lowering of a tone pitch. Usually by microtones not to exceed a half step and usually done for coloration or expressive purposes.

Pizzicato: The method of playing a stringed instrument by plucking the strings instead of using the bow.

Pentatonic: A scale consisting of only five tones as represented by the five black keys of the piano.

Phrase: Small unit of a melody.

Plagal cadence: A specific chord progression, namely, the IV chord resolving to the I chord; example, amen chords.

Polymeters: Simultaneous of several meters.

Polymodal: The simultaneous sounding of several different modes.

Polyphonic: The simultaneous sounding of two or more melodies of equal importance.

Polytonal: The simultaneous sounding of tones in more than one key.

Portamento: The movement of tone to another higher or lower tone without any break in the sound.

 


 

 

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