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HISTORY OF JAZZ:
Fender bass: Electric bass guitar, used to play bass lines instead of chords; Monk Montgomery a early pioneer on this instrument. Common in jazz rhythm sections after 1970.
Field hollers: A secret means of communication between slaves while they worked in the fields; sometimes called field cries.
Fill: In general, anything a drummer plays in addition to basic time keeping patterns; in particular, a rhythmic figure played by a drummer to, fill a silence, underscore a rhythm played by other instruments. Announce the entrance or punctuate the exit of a soloist or other sections of the music, stimulate the other players and make a performance more interesting.
Fill-in: Originally, a short interlude in a song (such as a blues song, or any song pertaining to jazz), played by an instrumentalist.
Flatted fifth: Lowering by a half step the fifth degree of the scale or chord.
Flatted tone: Used to lower the tone by microtones, not to exceed a half step in pitch.
Flugelhorn: A type of brass instrument, in the trumpet family, with valves or rotary pistons similar to a trumpet. It's range is smaller than a trumpet, and the sound is darker and mellower.
Form: Refers to the design of a composition, its repeated and contrasting parts.
Free Jazz: An approach associated with Ornette Coleman, Charles Mingus, and Cecil Taylor in which the music contains improvised solos which are free of preset chord progressions and also free of preset meter.
Front line: Musicians appearing directly in front of the audience, not blocked from view by another row of musicians. This designation is sometimes used to separate hornmen (because they stand in front of a combo) from accompanists (who usually appear to the rear of the hornmen).
Fugue: A type of contrapuntal composition for a given number of parts. Each part is introduced individually, and successive parts are heard in imitation.
Fusion: A style of music that consists of a combination
of styles played simultaneously, (jazz and rock). That appeals to more
than one type of listener, a synthesis of styles, usually refers to
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