Jazz

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Jazz

HISTORY OF JAZZ:
Pre-Jazz
Ragtime
Dixieland
Tin Pan Alley
Boogie-Woogie
Swing
Dance Bands
BeBop
Cool
Hard Bop
West Coast
Free Jazz
Bossa Nova
Rock Fusion
Neobop
Soul Jazz
Latin Jazz
World Fusion
Pop Jazz
Modern Creative
Contemporary Jazz
Retro-Swing

JAZZ SLANG:
Jazz Slang

JAZZ DICTONARY:
Jazz Dictonary

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Hard Bop

When introduced, bop was as unpopular as swing had been popular. The complexity of the style often left the audience behind. The funky players were interested in recapturing the audience and reestablishing the hot jazz expression that had been abandoned by the cool style. This return was enthusiastic and reached back to the most communicative music in their past- church music. Another motive, less defined and certainly debatable, was the need to reclaim jazz as a predominantly African-American expression. Cool, and particularly West Coast jazz, was predominantly white even though Davis and Young were the forerunners. The structured, soft-spoken arrangements were certainly more typical of the European tradition than the expressive African-American voice heard in the early blues.

Hard Bop influenced other musical forms beginning in 1955 and thus transcending all future jazz styles. The public accepted this moving music joyful and appreciated the opportunity to participate once again in jazz performances. Funky jazz uses simpler harmonies, an emphasis on rhythm, easily recognizable tunes, and anything else that players like Horace Silver could invent to increase the audience’s involvement and pleasure. Gospel jazz is an extension of funky jazz. Funky jazz can be heard in the performances of Bobby Timmons with Art Blakey, as well as with Cannonball Adderly. The adoption of gospel idioms by Les McCann could place his performances in the church as easily as on stage or in the night club.

Bobby Timmons

 

Art Blakey
Bobby Timmons
Art Blakey

 


 

 

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